Summary of main conclusions reached in 20 reviews of the research literature on wind farms and health

 

Original compiled by Prof Simon Chapman, School of Public Health and Teresa Simonetti, Sydney University Medical School

 
Wind in the Bush
Wind health

This page is no longer fully kept up to date. The original document should be downloaded from the Sydney eScholarship Repository site.

 
On this page...
Extracted highlights
Direct health effects
Annoyance
Infrasound
Shadow flicker
Community & social response


Reviews of the evidence – extracted highlights

Direct health effects from noise and WTS

 
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Annoyance

 
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Infrasound

 
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  • "Claims that infrasound from wind turbines directly impacts the vestibular system have not been demonstrated scientifically... evidence shows that the infrasound levels near wind turbines cannot impact the vestibular system." http://www.mass.gov/dep/public/press/0112wind.htm "There is no evidence that infrasound ... [from wind turbines ... contributes to perceived annoyance or other health effects." Source: Bolin et al 2011 Review http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/6/3/035103/pdf/1748-9326_6_3_035103.pdf

  • "There is no consistent evidence of any physiological or behavioural effect of acute exposure to infrasound in humans." Source: UK HPA Report http://www.hpa.org.uk/webc/HPAwebFile/HPAweb_C/1265028759369

  • "... self reported health effects of people living near wind turbines are more likely attributed to physical manifestation from an annoyed state than from infrasound." Source: Knopper and Ollson review http://www.ehjournal.net/content/pdf/1476-069X-10-78.pdf

  • "... infrasound from current generation upwind model turbines [is well below the pressure sound levels at which known health effects occur. Further, there is no scientific evidence to date that vibration from low frequency wind turbine noise causes adverse health effects." Source: Ontario CMOH Report http://www.health.gov.on.ca/en/public/publications/ministry_reports/wind_turbine/wind_turbine.pdf

  • "It would appear... that infrasound alone is hardly responsible for the complaints... from people living up to two km from the large downwind turbines." Source: Jakobsen 2005 review http://multi-science.metapress.com/content/w6r4226247q6p416/

  • "From a critical survey of all known published measurement results of infrasoundfrom wind turbines it is found that wind turbines of contemporary design with the rotor placed upwind produce very low levels of infrasound. Even quite close to these turbines the infrasound level is far below relevant assessment criteria, including thelimit of perception." Source: Jakobsen 2005 review http://multi-science.metapress.com/content/w6r4226247q6p416/

  • "With older downwind turbines, some infrasound also is emitted each time a rotor blade interacts with the disturbed wind behind the tower, but it is believed that the energy at these low frequencies is insufficient to pose a health hazard." Source: NRC 2007 http://www.vawind.org/assets/nrc/nrc_wind_report_050307.pdf




Shadow flicker

 
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Community & social response to wind turbines

 
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